Additional pronunciation recognized for 김밥 gimbap

Recently, the Great Dictionary of Standard Korean (표준국어대사전), the de facto arbiter of Standard Korean usage, has revised its entry for 김밥 gimbap so that the common pronunciation as [ɡ̊iːm.pap] featuring fortition of the initial consonant of the second element is also recognized as standard, next to [ɡ̊iːm.bap] which was previously considered the only correct pronunciation.

You can read more about this change on the kkeutsori blog: ‘Two pronunciations now accepted for “gimbap”‘.

The Food and Drink page of the Korean pronunciation dictionary on this site has been updated accordingly. Previously, the common pronunciation [ɡ̊iːm.pap] was marked as discouraged with the down arrow (), but this has been removed.

Previously:

  • 김밥[김ː-] gimbap (seaweed and rice rolls) RR: gimbap MR: kimbap /ɡiːm=bab, ↓ɡiːmʔ=bap → ↓ɡiːm.pap/ [ɡ̊iːm.bap, ↓ɡ̊iːm.pap]

Now:

  • 김밥[김ː-/김ː빱] gimbap (seaweed and rice rolls) RR: gimbap MR: kimbap /ɡiːm=bab, ɡiːmʔ=bap → ɡiːm.pap/ [ɡ̊iːm.bap, ɡ̊iːm.pap]
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Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences 2016 winners

The 2016 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences has been awarded to Oliver Hart (British) and Bengt Holmström (Finnish) “for their contributions to contract theory”.

Holmström comes from the Swedish-speaking minority in Finland, where Swedish is a co-official language along with Finnish. The pronunciations of their names in English and Finland Swedish respectively, with the approximation in English for the latter, are as follows:

  • Oliver Hart English pronunciation: OL-i-vər HART [ˈɒl.ᵻv.əɹ ˈhɑːɹt])
  • Bengt Robert Holmström Finland Swedish pronunciation: [ˈbɛŋt ˈroː.bært ˈhɔlm.strœm] (BENGT ROH-bərt HOLM-ström [ˈbɛŋt ˈɹoʊ̯b.əɹt ˈhɔlm.strɜːm])

Nobel prize in chemistry 2016 winners

The 2016 Nobel prize in chemistry has been awarded to Jean-Pierre Sauvage (French), J. Fraser Stoddart (British), and Bernard L. Feringa (Dutch) “for the design and synthesis of molecular machines”.

The pronunciations of their names in French, English, and Dutch respectively, with approximations in English for the non-English names, are as follows:

  • Jean-Pierre Sauvage French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃.pjɛːʁə so.vaːʒə → ʒɑ̃.pjɛʁə.so.vaːʒə] (ZHAHN-pi-AIR soh-VAHZH [ˌʒɒ̃.pi.ˈɛə̯ɹ soʊ̯.ˈvɑːʒ])
  • James Fraser Stoddart English pronunciation: JAYMZ FRAY-zər STOD-ərt [ˈʤeɪ̯mz ˈfɹeɪ̯z.əɹ ˈstɒd.əɹt]
  • Bernard Lucas “Ben” Feringa Dutch pronunciation: [ˈbɛr.nɑrt ˈly.kɑs ˈbɛn ˈfeː.rɪŋ.ɣaː] (BAIR-nart LOO-kəs BEN FAIR-ing-hah [ˈbɛə̯ɹ.nɑːɹt ˈluːk.əs ˈbɛn ˈfɛə̯ɹ.ɪŋ.hɑː])

Nobel prize in physics 2016 winners

The 2016 Nobel prize in physics has been awarded to David Thouless (British and American), Duncan Haldane (British), and Michael Kosterlitz (British and American) “for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter”.

The pronunciations of their names in English are as follows:

  • David James Thouless DAY-vid JAYMZ THOW-less [ˈdeɪ̯v.ᵻd ˈʤeɪ̯mz ˈθaʊ̯.lɛs, -ˈθaʊ̯l.ᵻs]
  • Frederick Duncan Michael Haldane FRED(-ə)-rik DUNK-ən MY-k(ə)l HAWL-dayn [ˈfɹɛdɹ.ɪk ˈdʌŋk.ən ˈmaɪ̯k.əl ˈhɔːld.eɪ̯n, ˈfɹɛd.əɹ.ɪk-]
  • John Michael Kosterlitz JON MY-k(ə)l KOST-ər-lits [ˈʤɒn ˈmaɪ̯k.əl ˈkɒst.əɹ.lɪts]

 

2016 Rio Olympics pronunciations

Here are some notable pronunciations of athletes’ names from the 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro (Brazilian Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u ʤi.ʒɐ.ˈnei̯.ɾu]). English approximations are also provided strictly as a guideline for the non-English names.

  • አልማዝ አያና Almaz Ayana (Ethiopia, athletics) EAE: Almaz Ayana BGN/PCGN: Ālmaz Āyana Amharic pronunciation: [al.maz a.ja.na] (A(H)L-ma(h)z ah-YAH-nə [ˈɑːl.mɑːz ɑː.ˈjɑːn.ə]) —Not necessarily an Amharic name, but Amharic is the official language of Ethiopia. All syllables are stressed pretty evenly in Amharic; the stress indicated in the English approximation is only for ease of pronunciation in English.
  • Katinka Hosszú (Hungary, swimming) Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkɒ.tin.kɒ ˈhos.suː] (KOT-ink-ə HOS-oo [ˈkɒt.ɪŋk.ə ˈhɒs.u]) —This is in the Western name order. The Hungarian name order puts the surname first, as Hosszú Katinka.
  • Henri Junghänel (Germany, shooting) German pronunciation: [ˈhɛn.ʁi jʊŋ.ˈhɛː.nəl] (HEN-ree yuung-HEH-nəl [ˈhɛn.ɹi jʊŋ.ˈheɪ̯n.əl]) —The German media does not seem to use the French pronunciation for ‘Henri’, making it sound instead like the English name ‘Henry’.
  • Majlinda Kelmendi (Kosovo, judo) Albanian pronunciation: [maj.lin.da kɛl.mɛn.di] (my-LIN-də kel-MEN-dee [maɪ̯.ˈlɪnd.ə kɛl.ˈmɛnd.i]) —There are conflicting accounts about which syllables are stressed in Albanian. The English approximation presented makes no effort to imitate syllable stress in Albanian.
  • Chad le Clos (South Africa, swimming) English pronunciation: CHAD lə-KLOH [ˈʧæd lə.ˈkloʊ̯] — The surname is from French, where it is pronounced [lə.klo].
  • Wayde van Niekerk (South Africa, athletics) English pronunciation: WAYD fun-nee-KAIRK [ˈweɪ̯d ˌfʌn.ni.ˈkɛə̯ɹk] — The South African English pronunciation of ‘van Niekerk’ is a straightforward imitation of the Afrikaans pronunciation, [fɐn.ni.ˈkɛrk].

France Euro 2016 squad

Here is a guide to the pronunciation of France’s Euro 2016 roster in French, followed by approximations in English in parentheses. For convenience, we stress the final syllable other than one containing an unstable e[ə] in the English approximations, as is common practice in American English. However, as French does not have distinctive stress, it would do just as well to use stress patterns more familiar in English, like initial stress or penultimate stress. Nasalized vowels in French are indicated by a superscript n in the respelling guide for English.

  • Manager: Didier Deschamps (France) [di.dje de.ʃɑ̃, -dɛ.ʃɑ̃] (di-di-EH de-SHAHN [ˌdɪd.i.ˈeɪ̯ dɛ.ˈʃɒ̃])
  • Benoît Costil [bə.nwa kɔs.til] (bə-NWAH ko-STEEL [bə.ˈnwɑː kɒ.ˈstiːl])
  • Hugo Lloris [y.ɡo ʎɔ.ʁis, ljɔ.ʁis] (ü-GOH lyaw-REESS [ju.ˈɡoʊ̯ ljɔː.ˈɹiːs])
  • Steve Mandanda [stɛvə mɑ̃.dɑ̃.da] (STEV mahn-dahn-DAH [ˈstɛv mɒ̃.dɒ̃.ˈdɑː])
  • Lucas Digne [ly.kɑ diɲə] (lü-KAH DEEN-yə [lju.ˈkɑː ˈdiːn.jə])
  • Patrice Évra [pa.tʁisə e.vʁa] (pa(h)-TREESS ev-RAH [pɑː.ˈtɹiːs ɛ.ˈvɹɑː])
  • Christophe Jallet [kʁis.tɔfə ʒa.lɛ] (kri-STOF zha(h)-LEH [kɹɪ.ˈstɒf ʒɑː.ˈleɪ̯])
  • Laurent Koscielny [lɔ.ʁɑ̃ kɔ.sjɛl.ni] (lo-RAHN kos-yel-NEE [lɒ.ˈɹɒ̃ ˌkɒs.i‿ɛl.ˈniː])
  • Eliaquim Mangala [e.lja.kim mɑ̃.ɡa.la] (el-i-ə-KEEM mahn-ga(h)-LAH [ˌɛl.i‿ə.ˈkiːm mɒ̃.ɡɑː.ˈlɑː])
  • Adil Rami [a.dil ʁa.mi] (a(h)-DEEL ra(h)-MEE [ɑː.ˈdiːl ɹɑː.ˈmiː])
  • Bacary Sagna [ba.ka.ʁi sa.ɲa] (ba(h)-ka(h)-REE sa(h)n-YAH [ˌbɑːk.ɑː.ˈɹiː sɑːn.ˈjɑː])
  • Samuel Umtiti [sa.mɥɛl um.ti.ti] (sa(h)m-ü-EL uum-ti-TEE [ˌsɑːm.ju.ˈɛl ˌʊm.tɪ.ˈtiː])
  • Yohan Cabaye [jɔ.an ka.bajə] (yoh-A(H)N ka(h)-BY [joʊ̯.ˈɑːn kɑː.ˈbaɪ̯])
  • Kingsley Coman [kiŋs.lɛ kɔ.man, -mɑ̃] (kings-LEH koh-MA(H)N or koh-MAHN [kɪŋ.ˈsleɪ̯ koʊ̯.ˈmɑːn, -ˈmɒ̃])
  • N’Golo Kanté [ən.ɡɔ.lo kɑ̃.te] (ən-gol-OH kahn-TEH [ən.ˌɡɒ.ˈloʊ̯ kɒ̃.ˈteɪ̯, əŋ-])
  • Blaise Matuidi [blɛːzə ma.tɥi.di] (BLEHZ ma(h)-twi-DEE [ˈbleɪ̯z ˌmɑːt.wɪ.ˈdiː])
  • Dimitri Payet [di.mi.tʁri pa.jɛt] (di-mi-TREE py-ET [ˌdɪm.ɪ.ˈtɹiː paɪ̯.ˈɛt])
  • Paul Pogba [pɔl pɔɡ.ba] (PAWL pog-BAH [ˈpɔːl pɒɡ.ˈbɑː])
  • Morgan Schneiderlin [mɔʁ.ɡan ʃnɛ.dəʁ.lɛ̃, -dɛʁ.lɛ̃] (mor-GA(H)N shned-ər-LAN [mɔːɹ.ˈɡɑːn ˌʃnɛd.əɹ.ˈlæ̃])
  • Moussa Sissoko [mu.sa si.sɔ.ko] (moo-SAH si-so-KOH [muː.ˈsɑː ˌsɪs.ɒ.ˈkoʊ̯])
  • André-Pierre Gignac [ɑ̃.dʁe.pjɛːʁə ʒi.ɲak] (ahn-dreh-pi-AIR zhin-YA(H)K [ɒ̃.ˌdɹeɪ̯.pi.ˈɛə̯ɹ ʒɪn.ˈjɑːk])
  • Olivier Giroud [ɔ.li.vje ʒi.ʁu] (o-liv-i-EH zhi-ROO [ɒ.ˌlɪv.i.ˈeɪ̯ ʒɪ.ˈɹuː])
  • Antoine Griezmann [ɑ̃.twanə ɡʁi.ɛz.man] (ahn-TWAHN gree-ez-MA(H)N [ɒ̃.ˈtwɑːn ˌɡɹiː.ɛz.ˈmɑːn])
  • Anthony Martial [ɑ̃.tɔ.ni maʁ.sjal] (ahn-toh-NEE mar-si-A(H)L [ˌɒ̃.toʊ̯.ˈniː ˌmɑːɹs.i.ˈɑːl])

See previous posts on Dimitri Payet and Kingsley Coman for more on those names.

The surname Lloris which comes from Catalan contains the palatal lateral approximant [ʎ] spelled ll. While this sound is not present in standard French, it—or a close variant, the palatalized lateral approximant [lʲ]—is often used in this name by those who are able to produce it. Otherwise, it is replaced with [lj], which is probably the closest equivalent in standard French, but it is often further simplified to [l] (which may also be a spelling pronunciation) or to [j]. This is why you may also hear pronunciations like law-REESS and yaw-REESS as well as the recommended lyaw-REESS.

For the names of non-French origin, it might be more natural in English to convert the French nasalized vowels into sequences of vowels and nasal consonants as in the original language. Also, it would be more natural to restore the stress patterns of the original language. In that case, we could have pronunciations like ma(h)n-DA(H)N-də for Mandanda, ma(h)ng-GAH-lə for Mangala, KA(H)N-teh for Kanté, etc.

Following stress patterns of the original language similarly yields LYOR-iss for Lloris (Catalan), kos-YEL-nee for Koscielny (Polish Kościelny), and SHNED-ər-lan for Schneiderlin, and GREE-ez-ma(h)n for Griezmann.

In English, the Alsace-born Schneiderlin himself uses the more German-like pronunciation SHNY-dər-lin, although SHNAY-dər-lin might be closer to the Alsatian pronunciation. Griezmann, whose family is also of Alsatian origin, is often pronounced GREEZ-ma(h)n or greez-MA(H)N even by French speakers, but the player prefers [ɡʁi.ɛz.man]. The spelling ie represents a diphthong [iːə̯] in the Alsatian dialect unlike in Standard German where it is simply [iː].

 

 

Germany Euro 2016 squad

Here is a guide to the pronunciation of Germany’s Euro 2016 roster in German, followed by approximations in English in parentheses. In reality, German names are usually pronounced in English to be somewhat closer to how they would be pronounced according to English spelling conventions (e.g. Hummels as HUM-əlz [ˈhʌm.əlz] instead of HUU-məlss [ˈhʊm.əls]), and names that are shared between German and English such as Jonas and Thomas will often be pronounced as in English. A reasonable compromise might be somewhere in between, like following the approximations given below except for more peculiar features of German such as the hardening of final consonants; this would give HUU-məlz [ˈhʊm.əlz] for Hummels and LÖV [ˈlɜːv] for Löw, for example.

  • Manager: Joachim Löw (Germany) [ˈjoː.a.xɪm ˈløːf, jo.ˈa.xɪm-] (YOH-ə-k(h)im or yoh-A(H)KH-im LÖF [ˈjoʊ̯.ə.kɪm ˈlɜːf, joʊ̯.ˈɑːx.ɪm, -ˈɑːk.ɪm])
  • Bernd Leno [ˈbɛʁnt ˈleː.no] (BAIRNT LEH-noh [ˈbɛə̯ɹnt ˈleɪ̯n.oʊ̯])
  • Manuel Neuer [ˈmaː.nu̯eːl ˈnɔʏ̯.ɐ, ˈmaː.nu̯ɛl-] (MAH-nwel NOY-ər [ˈmɑːn.u‿ɛl ˈnɔɪ̯‿əɹ])
  • Marc-André ter Stegen [ˈmaʁk.an.ˈdʁeː teːɐ̯.ˈʃteː.ɡn̩, -ã.ˈdʁeː-] (MARK-on-DREH tair-SHTEH-gən [ˈmɑːɹk.ɒn.ˈdɹeɪ̯ tɛə̯ɹ.ˈʃteɪ̯ɡ.ən])
  • Jérôme Boateng [ʒe.ˈʁoːm bo.a.ˈtɛŋ] (zhe-ROHM bo-ə-TENG [ʒɛ.ˈɹoʊ̯m ˌboʊ̯.ə.ˈtɛŋ])
  • Jonas Hector [ˈjoː.nas ˈhɛk.toːɐ̯] (YOH-na(h)ss HEK-tohr [ˈjoʊ̯n.ɑːs ˈhɛk.tɔːɹ])
  • Benedikt Höwedes [ˈbeː.ne.dɪkt ˈhøː.və.dəs] (BEH-ni-dikt HÖ-və-dəss [ˈbeɪ̯n.ᵻ.dɪkt ˈhɜːv.əd.əs])
  • Mats Hummels [ˈmaʦ ˈhʊ.ml̩s] (MA(H)TS HUU-məlss [ˈmɑːts ˈhʊm.əls])
  • Joshua Kimmich [ˈjoː.zu‿a ˈkɪ.mɪç] (YOH-zoo-ə KIM-ik(h) [ˈjoʊ̯z.u‿ə ˈkɪm.ɪx, -ɪk])
  • Shkodran Mustafi [ˈʃkoː.dʁan ˈmʊs.ta.fi] (SHKOH-dra(h)n MUUST-ə-fee [ˈʃkoʊ̯.dɹɑːn ˈmʊst.əf.i])
  • Jonathan Tah [ˈjoː.na.tan ˈtaː] (YOH-nə-ta(h)n TAH [ˈjoʊ̯n.ə.tɑːn ˈtɑː])
  • Emre Can [ˈɛm.ʁə ˈʤan] (EM-reh JA(H)N [ˈɛm.ɹeɪ̯ ˈʤɑːn])
  • Julian Draxler [ju.ˈli̯aːn ˈdʁaks.lɐ] (yoo-li-AHN DRA(H)KS-lər [ˌjuːl.i.ˈɑːn ˈdɹɑːks.ləɹ])
  • Mario Götze [ˈmaː.ʁi̯o ˈɡœ.ʦə] (MAHR-i-oh GÖTS-ə [ˈmɑːɹ.i.oʊ̯ ˈɡɜːts.ə])
  • Sami Khedira [ˈsɛ.mi ke.ˈdiː.ʁa] (SAM-ee ke-DEER-ə [ˈsæm.i kɛ.ˈdɪə̯ɹ.ə])
  • Toni Kroos [ˈtoː.ni ˈkʁoːs] (TOH-nee KROHSS [ˈtoʊ̯n.i ˈkɹoʊ̯s])
  • Mesut Özil [ˈmeː.zʊt ˈøː.zɪl] (MEH-zuut Ö-zil [ˈmɛz.ʊt ˈɜːz.ɪl])
  • Leroy Sané [ˈleː.ʁɔʏ̯ za.ˈneː] (LEH-roy za(h)-NEH [ˈleɪ̯.ɹɔɪ̯ zɑː.ˈneɪ̯])
  • André Schürrle [an.ˈdʁeː ˈʃʏʁ.lə, ã.ˈdʁeː-] (on-DREH SHÜR-lə [ɒn.ˈdɹeː ˈʃʊə̯ɹl.ə])
  • Bastian Schweinsteiger [ˈbas.ti̯aːn ˈʃvaɪ̯n.ʃtaɪ̯.ɡɐ, ˈbas.ti̯an-] (BA(H)ST-i-ahn SHVYN-shty-gər [ˈbɑːst.i‿ɑːn ˈʃvaɪ̯n.ʃtaɪ̯ɡ.əɹ])
  • Julian Weigl [ju.ˈli̯aːn ˈvaɪ̯.ɡl̩] (yoo-li-AHN VY-gəl [ˌjuːl.i.ˈɑːn ˈvaɪ̯ɡ.əl])
  • Mario Gomez [ˈmaː.ʁi̯o ˈɡɔ.mɛs] (MAHR-i-oh GOH-mess [ˈmɑːɹ.i.oʊ̯ ˈɡoʊ̯m.ɛs])
  • Thomas Müller [ˈtoː.mas ˈɡɔ.mɛs] (TOH-ma(h)ss MÜL-ər [ˈtoʊ̯m.ɑːs ˈmjuːl.əɹ])
  • Lukas Podolski [ˈluː.kas po.ˈdɔls.ki] (LOO-ka(h)ss poh-DOL-skee [ˈluːk.ɑːs poʊ̯.ˈdɒlsk.i])

Due to the various backgrounds of the players, some of the names come from other languages. For instance, Shkodran Mustafi is pronounced [ʃkɔ.dɾan mus.ta.fi] in Albanian, Emre Can is pronounced [ˈem.ɾe ˈʤɑn] and Mesut Özil is pronounced [ˈme.sut ˈø.zil] (MEH-suut Ö-zil) in Turkish, Leroy Sané is pronounced [lə.ʁwa sa.ne, lə.ʁwɑ] (lə-RWAH sa(h)-NEH) in French, Mario Gómez is pronounced [ˈma.ɾjo ˈɡo.meθ] (MAHR-i-oh GOH-meth) in Spanish, and Łukasz Podolski is pronounced [ˈwu.kaʂ pɔ.ˈdɔl.skʲi] (WOO-ka(h)sh po-DOL-skee) in Polish. Ter Stegen, originally a Dutch surname, is pronounced [tər.ˈsteː.ɣən, tɛr-] (tər-STEH-khə(n)) in Dutch. On the other hand, while the spelling is superficially English, Joshua Kimmich’s given name is pronounced in the German way, as if spelled Josua.

Emre Can’s surname is often pronounced [ˈʧan] (CHA(H)N) by German speakers, partly because the sound [ʤ] represented by c in Turkish spelling (the j sound in English) is not part of the native sound inventory of German and is often replaced by the tsch sound [ʧ] of German (the ch sound in English). But even German speakers who distinguish [ʤ] and [ʧ] in English loanwords might use [ʧ] for Can because they are unaware of Turkish spelling conventions.

Wales Euro 2016 squad

Here is a guide to the pronunciation of Wales’ Euro 2016 roster in English.

  • Manager: Chris Coleman (Wales) KRIS KOHL-mən [ˈkɹɪs ˈkoʊ̯l.mən]
  • Owain Fôn Williams OH-yne VAWN-WIL-yəmz [ˈoʊ̯.aɪ̯n ˈvɔːn.ˈwɪl.jəmz]
  • Wayne Hennessey WAYN HEN-i-see [ˈweɪ̯n ˈhɛn.ᵻs.i]
  • Danny Ward DAN-ee WAWRD [ˈdæn.i ˈwɔːɹd]
  • James Chester JAYMZ CHEST-ər [ˈʤeɪ̯mz ˈʧɛst.əɹ]
  • James Collins JAYMZ COL-inz [ˈʤeɪ̯mz ˈkɒl.ᵻnz]
  • Ben Davies BEN DAY-vis [ˈbɛn ˈdeɪ̯v.ᵻs]
  • Chris Gunter KRIS GUN-tər [ˈkɹɪs ˈɡʌnt.əɹ]
  • Jazz Richards JAZ RICH-ərdz [ˈʤæz ˈɹɪʧ.əɹdz]
  • Neil Taylor NEEL TAY-lər [ˈniːl ˈteɪ̯l.əɹ]
  • Ashley Williams ASH-lee WIL-yəmz [ˈæʃ.li ˈwɪl.jəmz]
  • Joe Allen JOH AL-in [ˈʤoʊ̯ ˈæl.ᵻn]
  • David Edwards DAY-vid ED-wərdz [ˈdeɪ̯v.ᵻd ˈɛd.wəɹdz]
  • Andy King AN-dee KING [ˈænd.i ˈkɪŋ]
  • Joe Ledley JOH LED-lee [ˈʤoʊ̯ ˈlɛd.li]
  • Aaron Ramsey AIR-ən RAM-zee [ˈɛə̯ɹ.ən ˈɹæm.zi]
  • David Vaughan DAY-vid VAWN [ˈdeɪ̯v.ᵻd ˈvɔːn]
  • Jonathan Williams JON-ə-thən WIL-yəmz [ˈʤɒn.əθ.ən ˈwɪl.jəmz]
  • Gareth Bale GARR-ith or GARR-eth BAYL [ˈgæɹ.ᵻθ ˈbeɪ̯l, -ɛθ-]
  • Simon Church SY-mən CHURCH [ˈsaɪ̯m.ən ˈʧɜːɹʧ]
  • David Cotterill DAY-vid KOT-ə-ril [ˈdeɪ̯v.ᵻd ˈkɒt‿əɹ.ᵻl]
  • Hal Robson-Kanu HAL ROB-sən-KAH-noo [ˈhæl ˈɹɒb.sən.ˈkɑːn.u]
  • Sam Vokes SAM VOHKS [ˈsæm ˈvoʊ̯ks]
  • George Williams JORJ WIL-yəmz [ˈʤɔːɹʤ ˈwɪl.jəmz]

The pronunciation of Owain and Fôn in the Welsh language are [ˈə.waɪ̯n, ˈo-] and [ˈvoːn] respectively—the English pronunciations given above are approximations of these. In addition, the Welsh pronunciation of Gareth is [ˈga.rɛθ], although it is a common name in English in its own right with its established pronunciation in English, given above.

Belgium Euro 2016 squad

Here is a guide to the pronunciation of Belgium’s Euro 2016 roster in Dutch or French, the two main official languages in Belgium, based on what seems more appropriate according to what is known about the player’s language background, followed by suggested approximations in English in parentheses. For some names, pronunciations in both languages are given (e.g. when the surname comes from the other major language, or when it is neither Dutch or French in origin but the player speaks both languages).

  • Manager: Marc Wilmots (Belgium) French pronunciation: [maʁk wil.mɔts]Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmɑrək ˈʋɪl.mɔts] (MARK WIL-mots [ˈmɑːɹk ˈwɪl.mɒts])
  • Thibaut Courtois Dutch pronunciation: [ti.ˈboː kur.ˈtwaː], French pronunciation: [ti.bo kuʁ.twa] (tee-BOH koor-TWAH [tiː.ˈboʊ̯ kʊə̯ɹ.ˈtwɑː])
  • Jean-François Gillet French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃.fʁɑ̃.swa ʒi.lɛ], (ZHAHN-frahn-SWAH zhi-LEH [ˌʒɒ̃.fɹɒ̃.ˈswɑː ʒɪˈ.leɪ̯])
  • Simon Mignolet Dutch pronunciation: [ˈsiː.mɔn mi.ɲo.ˈlɛː], French pronunciation: [si.mɔ̃ mi.ɲɔ.lɛ] (SEE-mon min-yoh-LEH [ˈsiː.mɒn ˌmɪn.joʊ̯.ˈleɪ̯])
  • Toby Alderweireld Dutch pronunciation: [ˈtoː.bi ˈɑl.dər.ʋɛi̯.rəlt] (TOH-bee A(H)L-dər-wair-əlt [ˈtoʊ̯.bi ˈɑːld.əɹ.wɛə̯ɹ.əlt])
  • Laurent Ciman French pronunciation: [lɔ.ʁɑ̃ si.mɑ̃, lo-] (lo-RAHN si-MAHN [lɒ.ˈɹɒ̃ sɪ.ˈmɒ̃]
  • Jason Denayer French pronunciation: [dʒe.zən də.na.jœːʁ, -nɛ.jœːʁ], Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdʒeː.sən də.ˈnɑ.jər] (JAY-sən də-NY-ər or də-NAY-ər [ˈʤeɪ̯s.ən də.ˈnaɪ̯.əɹ, -ˈneɪ̯‿əɹ])
  • Christian Kabasele French pronunciation: [kʁis.tjɑ̃ ka.ba.se.le] (krist-YAHN ka(h)-bə-SEL-eh [ˌkɹɪst.i‿ˈɒ̃ ˌkɑːb.ə.ˈsɛl.eɪ̯])
  • Jordan Lukaku Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʒɔr.dɑn lu.ˈkaː.ku], French pronunciation: [ʒɔʁ.dan lu.ka.ku] (ZHOR-da(h)n loo-KAH-koo [ˈʒɔːɹd.ɑːn lu.ˈkɑːk.u])
  • Thomas Meunier French pronunciation: [tɔ.mɑ mø.nje] (to-MAH mön-YEH [tɒ.ˈmɑː ˌmɜːn.i‿ˈeɪ̯])
  • Thomas Vermaelen Dutch pronunciation: [ˈtoː.mɑs vər.ˈmaː.lən → ˈtoː.mɑs.fər.ˈmaː.lən] (TOH-ma(h)ss vər-MAHL-ən [ˈtoʊ̯m.ɑːs vəɹ.ˈmɑːl.ən])
  • Jan Vertonghen Dutch pronunciation: [ˈjɑn vər.ˈtɔŋ.ən] (YA(H)N vər-TONG-ən [ˈjɑːn vəɹ.ˈtɒŋ.ən])
  • Yannick Carrasco Dutch pronunciation: [jɑ.ˈnɪk kɑ.ˈrɑs.ko], French pronunciation: [ja.nik ka.ʁas.ko] (ya(h)-NIK kə-RA(H)S-koh [jɑː.ˈnɪk kə.ˈɹɑːsk.oʊ̯])
  • Kevin De Bruyne Dutch pronunciation: [ˈkɛ.vɪn də.ˈbrœy̯.nə] (KEV-in də-BRÖYN-ə [ˈkɛv.ᵻn də.ˈbɹɔɪ̯n.ə])
  • Mousa Dembélé Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmuː.sa dɛm.ˈbeː.le] (MOO-sə dem-BEL-eh [ˈmuːs.ə dɛm.ˈbɛl.eɪ̯])
  • Marouane Fellaini French pronunciation: [ma.ʁwan fɛ.laj.ni]Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmɑ.ru.wɑn fɛ.ˈlɑj.ni] (MAR-wa(h)n fe-LY-nee [ˈmɑːɹ.wɑːn fɛ.ˈlaɪ̯n.i])
  • Eden Hazard French pronunciation: [e.dɛn a.zaːʁ] (ED-ən a(h)-ZAR [ˈɛd.ən ɑː.ˈzɑːɹ])
  • Radja Nainggolan Dutch pronunciation: [ˈrɑ.dʒa ˈnɑjŋ.ɡɔ.lɑn] (RA(H)-jə NYNG-go-la(h)n [ˈɹɑːʤ.ə ˈnaɪ̯ŋ.ɡɒ.lɑːn])
  • Axel Witsel French pronunciation: [ak.sɛl wit.sɛl] (ak-SEL wi-TSEL [æk.ˈsɛl wɪt.ˈsɛl])
  • Michy Batshuayi French pronunciation: [mit.ʃi bat.ʃu.a.ji] (MITCH-ee ba(h)t-shoo-EYE-ee [ˈmɪʧ.i ˌbɑːt.ʃu.ˈaɪ̯.i])
  • Christian Benteke French pronunciation: [kʁis.tjɑ̃ bɛn.te.ke] (krist-YAHN ben-TEK-eh [ˌkɹɪst.i‿ˈɒ̃ bɛn.ˈtɛk.eɪ̯])
  • Romelu Lukaku Dutch pronunciation: [ˈroː.me.lu lu.ˈkaː.ku], French pronunciation: [ʁɔ.me.lu lu.ka.ku] (ROH-mel-oo loo-KAH-koo [ˈɹoʊ̯m.ɛl.u lu.ˈkɑːk.u])
  • Dries Mertens Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdris ˈmɛr.təns] (DREESS MAIR-tənss [ˈdɹiːs ˈmɛə̯ɹ.təns])
  • Divock Origi Dutch pronunciation: [ˈdi.vɔk o.ˈri.ɡi] (DEE-vok o-REE-ghee [ˈdiːv.ɒk ɒ.ˈɹiːɡ.i])

Many of these names are not of Dutch or French origin due to the various backgrounds of the players. For instance, the Lukaku brothers and Michy Batshuayi were born to parents from the Democratic Republic of Congo, which is also the birthplace of Christian Benteke and Christian Kabasele. Marouane Fellaini has Moroccan parents and Divock Origi has Kenyan parents. Yannick Carrasco has a Portuguese father, Mousa Dembélé has a Malian father, and Radja Nainggolan has an Indonesian father. To a limited extent, the origin of these names have been taken into account in recommending the appropriate pronunciations in English, notably in giving penultimate stress for names like Batshuayi and Benteke.

Jason Denayer is a French speaker, but has an English given name and a Dutch surname. While the traditional French pronunciation of Jason is [ʒɑ.zɔ̃], the English pronunciation JAY-sən [ˈʤeɪ̯s.ən] is imitated in both French and Dutch; for Denayer, də-NY-ər [də.ˈnaɪ̯‿əɹ] approximates the Dutch pronunciation as well as one of the possible pronunciations in French, while də-NAY-ər [də.ˈneɪ̯.əɹ] approximates the other French pronunciation which is widely heard in the media.

Italy Euro 2016 squad

Here is a guide to the native pronunciation of Italy’s Euro 2016 roster, followed by suggested approximations in English in parentheses.

  • Manager: Antonio Conte (Italy) [an.ˈtɔː.njo ˈkon.te] (a(h)n-TOH-ni-oh KON-teh [ɑːn.ˈtoʊ̯n.i‿oʊ̯ ˈkɒn.teɪ̯])
  • Gianluigi Buffon [ʤan.lu.ˈiː.ʤi buf.ˈfɔn, -ˈfon] (ja(h)n-loo-EE-jee buu-FON [ˌʤɑːn.lu‿ˈiːʤ.i bʊ.ˈfɒn])
  • Federico Marchetti [fe.de.ˈriː.ko mar.ˈket.ti] (fed-ə-REE-koh mar-KET-ee [ˌfɛd.ə.ˈɹiːk.oʊ̯ mɑːɹ.ˈkɛt.i])
  • Salvatore Sirigu [sal.va.ˈtoː.re ˈsiː.ri.ɡu] (sa(h)l-və-TOR-eh SEER-i-goo [ˌsɑːlv.ə.ˈtɔːɹ.eɪ̯ ˈsɪə̯ɹ.ɪɡ.u])
  • Andrea Barzagli [an.ˈdrɛˑ‿a bar.ˈʦaʎ.ʎi, -ˈʣaʎ-] (a(h)n-DREH-ə bar-TSA(H)-lee [ɑːn.ˈdɹeɪ̯‿ə bɑːɹ.ˈtsɑːl.i])
  • Leonardo Bonucci [le‿o.ˈnar.do bo.ˈnut.ʧi] (leh-oh-NAR-doh bo-NOO-chee [ˌleɪ̯‿oʊ̯.ˈnɑːɹd.oʊ̯ bɒ.ˈnuːʧ.i])
  • Giorgio Chiellini [ˈʤɔr.ʤo kjel.ˈliː.ni, ˈʤor-] (JOR-joh kee-el-LEE-nee [ˈʤɔːɹʤ.oʊ̯ ˌkiː‿ɛ.ˈliːn.i])
  • Matteo Darmian [mat.ˈtɛˑ‿o dar.ˈmjan] (mə-TEH-oh dar-mi-A(H)N [mə.ˈteɪ̯‿oʊ̯ ˌdɑːɹm.i‿ˈɑːn])
  • Mattia De Sciglio [mat.ˈtiˑ‿a deʃ.ˈʃiʎ.ʎo] (mə-TEE-ə deh-SHILL-i-oh [mə.ˈtiː‿ə deɪ̯.ˈʃɪl.i‿oʊ̯])
  • Angelo Ogbonna [ˈan.ʤe.lo oɡ.ˈbɔn.na] (A(H)N-je-lo og-BONN-ə [ˈɑːnʤ.ᵻ.loʊ̯ ɒɡ.ˈbɒn.ə])
  • Federico Bernardeschi [fe.de.ˈriː.ko ber.na.ˈdes.ki] (fed-ə-REE-koh bair-nar-DESK-ee [ˌfɛd.ə.ˈɹiːk.oʊ̯ ˌbɛə̯ɹn.ɑːɹ.ˈdɛsk.i])
  • Antonio Candreva [an.ˈtɔː.njo kan.ˈdrɛː.va] (a(h)n-TOH-ni-oh ka(h)n-DREH-və [ɑːn.ˈtoʊ̯n.i‿oʊ̯ kɑːn.ˈdɹeɪ̯v.ə])
  • Daniele De Rossi [da.ˈnjɛː.le de.ˈros.si] (da(h)-ni-EL-eh deh-ROSS-ee [ˌdɑːn.i‿ˈɛl.eɪ̯ deɪ̯.ˈɹɒs.i])
  • Alessandro Florenzi [a.les.ˈsan.dro flo.ˈrɛn.ʦi] (a(h)-le-SAHN-droh flo-RENTS-ee [ˌɑːl.ᵻ.ˈsɑːndɹ.oʊ̯ flɔː.ˈɹɛnts.i])
  • Emanuele Giaccherini [e.ma.nu‿ˈɛː.le ʤak.ke.ˈriː.ni] (em-a-NWEL-eh ja(h)k-e-REE-nee [ˌɛm.ə.ˈnwɛl.eɪ̯ ˌˈʤɑːk.ᵻ.ˈɹiːn.i])
  • Thiago Motta [ˈtjaː.ɡo ˈmɔt.ta] (tee-AH-go MOT-ə [ti.ˈɑːɡoʊ̯ ˈmɒt.ə])
  • Marco Parolo [ˈmar.ko pa.ˈrɔː.lo] (MARK-oh pə-ROH-lo [ˈmɑːɹk.oʊ̯ pə.ˈɹoʊ̯l.oʊ̯])
  • Stefano Sturaro [ˈsteː.fa.no stu.ˈraː.ro] (STEF-ə-no stoo-RAR-oh [ˈstɛf.ən.oʊ̯ stʊ.ˈɹɑːɹ.oʊ̯])
  • Éder [ˈɛː.der] (ED-air [ˈɛd.ɛə̯ɹ])
  • Stephan El Shaarawy [ˈsteː.fan el.ˈʃaː.ra.wi] (STEF-a(h)n el-SHAR-ə-wee [ˈstɛf.ɑːn ˌɛl.ˈʃɑːɹ.ə.wi])
  • Ciro Immobile [ˈʧiː.ro im.ˈmɔː.bi.le] (CHEER-oh im-MOH-bil-eh [ˈʧɪə̯ɹ.oʊ̯ ɪ.ˈmoʊ̯b.ᵻl.eɪ̯])
  • Lorenzo Insigne [lo.ˈrɛn.ʦo in.ˈsiɲ.ɲe] (loh-RENTS-oh in-SIN-yeh [loʊ̯.ˈɹɛnts.oʊ̯ ɪn.ˈsɪn.jeɪ̯])
  • Graziano Pellè [ɡrat.ˈʦjaː.no pel.ˈlɛ] (gra(h)-tsee-AH-no pel-LEH [ˌɡɹɑːts.i.ˈɑːn.oʊ̯ pɛ.ˈleɪ̯])
  • Simone Zaza [si.ˈmoː.ne ˈʣad.ʣa → si.ˈmoː.ned.ˈʣad.ʣa] (si-MOH-neh DZA(H)-dzah [sᵻ.ˈmoʊ̯n.eɪ̯ ˈdzɑːdz.ɑː])

Thiago Motta and Éder were born in Brazil. Their names are pronounced in Brazilian Portuguese as [ˈʧja.ɡu ˈmɔ.tɐ] (chee-AH-goo MOT-ə) and [ˈɛ.dɛʁ] (ED-air) respectively.