The 2016 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences has been awarded to Oliver Hart (British) and Bengt Holmström (Finnish) “for their contributions to contract theory”.
Holmström comes from the Swedish-speaking minority in Finland, where Swedish is a co-official language along with Finnish. The pronunciations of their names in English and Finland Swedish respectively, with the approximation in English for the latter, are as follows:
- Oliver Hart English pronunciation: OL-i-vər HART [ˈɒl.ᵻv.əɹ ˈhɑːɹt])
- Bengt Robert Holmström Finland Swedish pronunciation: [ˈbɛŋt ˈroː.bært ˈhɔlm.strœm] (BENGT ROH-bərt HOLM-ström [ˈbɛŋt ˈɹoʊ̯b.əɹt ˈhɔlm.strɜːm])