Food and Drink

Korean pronunciation dictionary

This page gives the pronunciation in Korean of various terms relating to food, beverages, and common ingredients.
음식과 음료, 식재료 관련 용어의 한국어 발음을 제시한다.

The terms are given first in bold in hangul, followed by the phonetic respelling in hangul in square brackets ([ ]) if the pronunciation is different from the original spelling. This is followed by the name in hanja where it exists, and the name in English. The latter follows the standard translation by the National Institute of the Korean Language where available. The romanization is given first in the official Revised Romanization used in South Korea (RR) and second in the older McCune–Reischauer system (MR) which is widely used outside of South Korea, in the variant used by the American Library Association – Library of Congress (ALA-LC). Next, the phonemic transcription is given between slashes (/ /) followed by the phonetic transcription in square brackets ([ ]), both in the International Phonetic Alphabet (see: IPA transcription of Korean).
먼저 용어를 굵은 글씨의 한글로 표기하고 철자와 다른 경우 발음을 꺾쇠표([ ]) 사이에 한글로 적는다. 이어서 한자 표기와 영어 명칭을 적는다. 영어 명칭은 가능한 경우 국립국어원의 표준안을 따른다. 로마자 표기는 먼저 대한민국에서 공식적으로 쓰는 국어의 로마자 표기법(RR)을 따른 것을 적고 둘째로 국외에서 널리 쓰이는 매큔·라이샤워 표기법(MR) 가운데서 미국도서관협회·미국의회도서관(ALA-LC)에서 쓰는 형태를 따른 것을 적는다. 이어서 빗금(/ /) 사이에는 음소 전사, 꺾쇠표([ ]) 사이에는 음성 전사를 국제 음성 기호로 나타낸다.

  • 가래떡 tube-shaped white rice cake RR: garaetteok MR: karaettŏk /ɡalɛ=tʌɡ/ [ɡ̊a.ɾɛt.tʌk]
  • 간장 -醬 soy sauce RR: ganjang MR: kanjang /ɡan=ʣʲaŋ/ [ɡ̊an.ʣʲaŋ]
  • 갈비 ribs RR: galbi MR: kalbi /ɡalbi/ [ɡ̊al.bi]
  • 갈비찜 braised short ribs RR: galbijjim MR: kalbitchim /ɡalbi=ʦʲim/ [ɡ̊al.biʦʲ.ʦʲim]
  • 갈비탕 –湯 short rib soup RR: galbitang MR: kalbitang /ɡalbi=tʰaŋ/ [ɡ̊al.bi.tʰaŋ]
  • 감자탕 –湯 pork back-bone stew RR: gamjatang MR: kamjatang /ɡamʣʲa=tʰaŋ/ [ɡ̊am.ʣʲa.tʰaŋ]
  • 강정 sweet rice puffs RR: gangjeong MR: kangjŏng /ɡaŋʣʲʌŋ/ [ɡ̊aŋ.ʣʲʌŋ]
  • 게장[게ː-] -醬 marinated crab RR: gejang MR: kejang /ɡeː=ʣʲaŋ/ [ɡ̊eː.ʣʲaŋ]
  • 결명자차 決明子茶 cassia tora tea RR: gyeolmyeongjacha MR: kyŏlmyŏngjach’a /ɡjʌl.mjʌŋ.ʣʲa=ʦʲʰa/ [ɡ̊jʌl.mjʌŋ.ʣʲa.ʦʲʰa]
  • 경단[경ː-] 瓊團 sweet rice balls RR: gyeongdan MR: kyŏngdan /ɡjʌːŋ.dan/ [ɡ̊jəːŋ.dan]
  • 계란빵[계–/게–] 鷄卵- Korean egg cake RR: gyeranppang MR: kyeranppang je.lan=paŋ/ [ɡ̊je.ɾan.paŋ]
  • 계란찜[계–/게–] 鷄卵- steamed eggs RR: gyeranjjim MR: kyerantchim je.lan=ʦʲim/ [ɡ̊je.ɾan.ʦʲim]
  • 고기 meat or fish RR: gogi MR: kogi /ɡoɡi/ [ɡ̊o.ɡi]
  • 고추장 –醬 red chili paste RR: gochujang MR: koch’ujang /ɡoʦʲʰu=ʣʲaŋ/ [ɡ̊o.ʦʲʰu.ʣʲaŋ]
  • 고춧가루[-추까-/-춛까-] red chili powder RR: gochutgaru MR: koch’utkaru /ɡoʦʲʰu=z=ɡalu → ɡo.ʦʲʰud.ka.lu/ [ɡ̊o.ʦʲʰuk.ka.ɾu, -ʦʲʰut-]
  • 곰탕[곰ː-] -湯 beef bone soup RR: gomtang MR: komtang /ɡoː=°m=tʰaŋ/ [ɡ̊oːm.tʰaŋ]
  • 곶감[곧깜] dried persimmons RR: gotgam MR: kotkam /ɡoʣʲ=ɡam → ɡod.kam/ [ɡ̊ot.kam]
  • 구절판 九折坂 platter of nine delicacies RR: gujeolpan MR: kujŏlp’an /ɡu.ʣʲʌl.pʰan/ [ɡ̊u.ʣʲʌl.pʰan]
  • soup RR: guk MR: kuk /ɡuɡ/ [ɡ̊uk]
  • 국밥[-빱] soup with rice RR: gukbap MR: kukpap /ɡuɡ=bab → ɡuɡ.pab/ [ɡ̊uk.pap]
  • 국수[-쑤] noodles RR: guksu MR: kuksu /ɡuɡz̥ʰu → ɡuɡ.su/ [ɡ̊uk.su]
  • 국화빵[구콰-] 菊花- chrysanthemum-shaped cake RR: gukhwappang MR: kukhwappang /ɡuɡ.hwa=paŋ → ɡu.kʰwa=paŋ/ [ɡ̊u.kʰwap.paŋ]
  • 국화차[구콰-] 菊花茶 chrysanthemum tea RR: gukhwacha MR: kukhwach’a /ɡuɡ.hwa=ʦʲʰa → ɡu.kʰwa=ʦʲʰa/ [ɡ̊u.kʰwa.ʦʲʰa]
  • [김ː-] laver, nori (seaweed) RR: gim MR: kim /ɡiːm/ [ɡ̊iːm]
  • 김밥[김ː-/김ː빱] gimbap (seaweed and rice rolls) RR: gimbap MR: kimbap /ɡiːm=bab, ↓ɡiːmʔ=bap → ↓ɡiːm.pap/ [ɡ̊iːm.bap, ↓ɡ̊iːm.pap]
  • 김치 kimchi (pickled and fermented vegetables) RR: gimchi MR: kimch’i /ɡimʦʲʰi/ [ɡ̊im.ʦʲʰi]
  • 김치볶음밥 kimchi fried rice RR: gimchibokkeumbap MR: kimch’i pokkŭmbap /ɡimʦʲʰi-bok=°ɯm=bab/ [ɡ̊im.ʦʲʰi|b̥o.kɯm.bap → ɡ̊im.ʦʲʰi.bo.kɯm.bap]
  • 김치전 –煎 kimchi pancake RR: gimchijeon MR: kimch’ijŏn /ɡimʦʲʰi=ʣʲʌn/ [ɡ̊im.ʦʲʰi.ʣʲʌn]
  • 김치찌개 kimchi stew RR: gimchijjigae MR: kimch’i tchigae /ɡimʦʲʰi-ʦʲiɡɛ/ [ɡ̊im.ʦʲʰi|ʦʲi.ɡɛ → ɡ̊im.ʦʲʰiʦʲ.ʦʲi.ɡɛ]
  • 깍두기[-뚜-] diced radish kimchi RR: kkakdugi MR: kkaktugi /kaɡduɡi → kaɡ.tu.ɡi/ [kak.tu.ɡi]
  • 깻잎[깬닙] Korean perilla leaves RR: kkaennip MR: kkaennip /kɛ=z=ᴺipʰ → kɛn.nib/ [kɛn.nip]
  • 나물 seasoned vegetables RR: namul MR: namul /namul/ [na.mul]
  • 낙지[-찌] octopus RR: nakji MR: nakchi /naɡʣʲi → naɡ.ʦʲi/ [nak.ʦʲi]
  • 낙지덮밥[-찌덥빱] spicy stir-fried octopus with rice RR: nakji deopbap MR: nakchi tŏppap /naɡʣʲi-dʌpʰ=bab → naɡ.ʦʲi-dʌb.pab/ [nak.ʦʲi|d̥ʌp.pap → nak.ʦʲi.dʌp.pap] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 냉면[냉ː-] 冷麵 cold buckwheat noodles RR: naengmyeon MR: naengmyŏn /ᴸnɛːŋ.mjʌn/ [nɛːŋ.mjʌn]
  • 녹두묵[-뚜-] 綠豆- mung bean jelly salad RR: nokdumuk MR: noktumuk /ᴸnoɡ.du=muɡ → ᴸnoɡ.tu=muɡ/ [nok.tu.muk]
  • 녹차 綠茶 green tea RR: nokcha MR: nokch’a /ᴸnoɡ.ʦʲʰa/ [nok.ʦʲʰa]
  • 누룽지 scorched rice RR: nurungji MR: nurungji /nuluŋʣʲi/ [nu.ɾuŋ.ʣʲi]
  • 닭갈비[닥깔-] spicy stir-fried chicken RR: dakgalbi MR: takkalbi /dalɡ=ɡalbi → daɡ.kal.bi/ [d̥ak.kal.bi]
  • 닭고기[닥꼬-] chicken RR: dakgogi MR: takkogi /dalɡ=ɡoɡi → daɡ.ko.ɡi/ [d̥ak.ko.ɡi]
  • 닭똥집[닥-찝] chicken gizzards RR: dakttongjip MR: takttongchip /dalɡ=toŋʔ=ʣʲib → daɡ.toŋ.ʦʲib/ [d̥ak.toŋ.ʦʲip]
  • 닭백숙[닥빽쑥] -白熟 whole chicken soup RR: dakbaeksuk MR: takpaeksuk /dalɡ=bɛɡ.z̥ʰuɡ → daɡ.pɛɡ.suɡ/ [d̥ak.pɛk.suk]
  • 덮밥[덥빱] rice with toppings RR: deopbap MR: tŏppap /dʌpʰ=bab → dʌb.pab/ [d̥ʌp.pap]
  • 도가니탕 —湯 ox knee soup RR: doganitang MR: toganit’ang /doɡani-tʰaːŋ/ [d̥o.ɡa.ni.tʰaŋ] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 도토리 acorn RR: dotori MR: tot’ori /dotʰoli/ [d̥o.tʰo.ɾi]
  • 도토리묵 acorn jelly salad RR: dotorimuk MR: tot’orimuk /dotʰoli=muɡ/ [d̥o.tʰo.ɾi.muk]
  • 돌솥^비빔밥[돌ː솓삐-빱] hot stone pot bibimbap RR: dolsot bibimbap MR: tolsot pibimpap /doːl=z̥ʰotʰ bibi=°mʔ=bab → doːl.z̥ʰod bi.bim.pab/ [d̥oːl.z̥ʰot|b̥i.bim.pap → d̥oːl.z̥ʰot.pi.bim.pap] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 동치미[동ː–] radish water kimchi RR: dongchimi MR: tongch’imi /doːŋʦʲʰimi/ [d̥oːŋ.ʦʲʰi.mi]
  • 돼지고기[돼ː—] porc RR: dwaejigogi MR: twaeji kogi /dwɛːʣʲi-ɡoɡi/ [d̥wɛː.ʣʲi|ɡ̊o.ɡi → d̥wɛː.ʣʲi.ɡo.ɡi]
  • 된장[된ː-/뒌ː-] -醬 soybean paste RR: doenjang MR: toenjang /døː=°n=ʣʲaŋ/ [d̥øːn.ʣʲaŋ, d̥weːn-]
  • 된장국[된ː-꾹/뒌ː-꾹] -醬- soybean paste soup RR: doenjangguk MR: toenjangkuk /døː=°n=ʣʲaŋʔ=ɡuɡ → døːn.ʣʲaŋ.kuɡ/ [d̥øːn.ʣʲaŋ.kuk]
  • 된장찌개[된ː—/뒌ː—] -醬– soybean paste stew RR: doenjangjjigae MR: toenjang tchigae /døː=°n=ʣʲaŋ-ʦʲi.ɡɛ/ [d̥øːn.ʣʲaŋ.ʦʲi.ɡɛ, d̥weːn-]
  • 두부 豆腐 tofu RR: dubu MR: tubu /du.bu/ [d̥u.bu]
  • 두부김치 豆腐– tofu with stir-fried kimchi RR: dubugimchi MR: tubu kimch’i /du.bu-ɡimʦʲʰi/ [d̥u.bu|ɡ̊im.ʦʲʰi → d̥u.bu.ɡim.ʦʲʰi] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 두부전골 豆腐– tofu hot pot RR: dubu jeon(-)gol MR: tubu chŏn’gol /du.bu-ʣʲʌːnɡol/ [d̥u.bu|ʣ̥ʲəːn.ɡol → d̥u.bu.ʣʲʌn.ɡol]
  •  rice cake RR: tteok MR: ttŏk /tʌɡ/ [tʌk]
  • 떡국[-꾹] sliced rice cake soup RR: tteokguk MR: ttŏkkuk /tʌɡ=ɡuɡ → tʌɡ.kuɡ/ [tʌk.kuk]
  • 떡볶이[-뽀끼] stir-fried rice cake RR: tteokbokki MR: ttŏkpoki /tʌɡ=bok=°i → tʌɡ.pok.i/ [tʌk.po.ki]
  • 라면 ramen (instant noodles) RR: ramyeon MR: ramyŏn /la.mjʌn/ [ɾa.mjʌn, la-]
  • 막걸리[-껄-] makgeolli (rice wine) RR: makgeolli MR: makkŏlli /maɡɡʌlli → maɡ.kʌl.li/ [mak.kʌl.li]
  • 막국수[-꾹쑤] buckwheat noodles RR: makguksu MR: makkuksu /maɡ=ɡuɡz̥ʰu → maɡ.kuɡ.su/ [mak.kuk.su]
  • 만두 饅頭 dumplings RR: mandu MR: mandu /man.du/ [man.du]
  • 만둣국[-두꾹/-둗꾹] 饅頭- dumpling soup RR: mandutguk MR: mandutkuk /man.duz=ɡuɡ → man.dud.kuɡ/ [man.duk.kuk, -dut-] or 또는 ↓만두국[–꾹] RR: manduguk MR: mandukuk /man.duʔ=ɡuɡ → man.du.kuɡ/ [man.duk.kuk]
  • 매실 梅實 green plum RR: maesil MR: maesil /mɛ.z̥ʰilᴰ/ [mɛ.ɕʰil]
  • 매실주[–쭈] 梅實酒 green plum wine RR: maesilju MR: maesilchu /mɛ.z̥ʰilᴰ=ʣʲu → mɛ.z̥ʰil.ʦʲu/ [mɛ.ɕʰil.ʦʲu]
  • 매실차 梅實茶 green plum tea RR: maesilcha MR: maesilch’a /mɛ.z̥ʰil=ʦʲʰa/ [mɛ.ɕʰil.ʦʲʰa]
  • 매운탕 –湯 spicy fish stew RR: mae(-)untang MR: maeunt’ang /mɛu=°n=tʰaŋ/ [mɛ.un.tʰaŋ]
  • 맥주[-쭈] 麥酒 beer RR: maekju MR: maekchu /mɛɡ=ʣʲu → mɛɡ.ʦʲu/ [mɛk.ʦʲu]
  • 명란젓[-난젇] 明卵- salted pollack roe RR: myeongnanjeot MR: myŏngnanjŏt /mjʌŋ.lan=ʣʲʌz̥ʰ → mjʌŋ.nan.ʣʲʌd/ [mjʌŋ.nan.ʣʲʌt]
  • [무ː] radish RR: mu MR: mu /muː/ [muː]
  • 뭇국[무ː꾹/묻ː꾹] radish soup RR: mutguk MR: mutkuk /muːz=ɡuɡ → muːd.kuɡ/ [muːk.kuk, muːt-] or 또는 ↓무국[무ː꾹] RR: muguk MR: mukuk /muːʔ=ɡuɡ → muː.kuɡ/ [muːk.kuk]
  • 물냉면[-랭-] -冷麵 cold buckwheat noodles RR: mullaengmyeon MR: mullaengmyŏn /mul=ᴸnɛːŋ.mjʌn → mul.lɛŋ.mjʌn/ [mul.lɛŋ.mjʌn]
  • 미역 sea mustard, wakame (seaweed) RR: miyeok MR: miyŏk /mijʌɡ/ [mi.jʌk]
  • 미역국[–꾹] seaweed soup RR: miyeokguk MR: miyŏkkuk /mijʌɡ=ɡuɡ → mi.jʌɡ.kuɡ/ [mi.jʌk.kuk]
  • 반찬 飯饌 side dishes RR: banchan MR: panch’an /ban.ʦʲʰan/ [b̥an.ʦʲʰan]
  •  rice or other grain dishes RR: bap MR: pap /bab/ [b̥ap]
  • 배추[배ː-] napa cabbage RR: baechu MR: paechu /bɛːʦʲʰu/ [b̥ɛː.ʦʲʰu]
  • 배추김치[배ː—] napa cabbage kimchi RR: baechugimchi MR: paechu kimch’i /bɛːʦʲʰu-ɡimʦʲʰi/ [b̥ɛː.ʦʲʰu|ɡ̊im.ʦʲʰi → b̥ɛː.ʦʲʰu.ɡim.ʦʲʰi]
  • 백설기[-썰-] 白– snow white rice cake RR: baekseolgi MR: paeksŏlgi /bɛɡ.z̥ʰʌlɡi → bɛɡ.sʌl.ɡi/ [b̥ɛk.sʌl.ɡi]
  • 백숙[-쑥] 白熟 plain boiled or steamed dish RR: baeksuk MR: paeksuk /bɛɡ.z̥ʰuɡ → bɛɡ.suɡ/ [b̥ɛk.suk]
  • 보리밥 barley rice RR: boribap MR: poribap /boli=bab/ [b̥o.ɾi.bap]
  • 보쌈 褓- napa wraps with pork RR: bossam MR: possam /bo=sa=°m/ [b̥o.sam]
  • 복분자[-뿐-] 覆盆子 Korean black raspberry RR: bokbunja MR: pokpunja /boɡ.bun.ʣʲa → boɡ.pun.ʣʲa/ [b̥ok.pun.ʣʲa]
  • 복분자주[-뿐–] 覆盆子酒 Korean black raspberry wine RR: bokbunjaju MR: pokpunjaju /boɡ.bun.ʣʲa=ʣʲu → boɡ.pun.ʣʲa=ʣʲu/ [b̥ok.pun.ʣʲa.ʣʲu] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 부대찌개 部隊– sausage stew RR: budaejjigae MR: pudae tchigae /bu.dɛ-ʦʲiɡɛ/ [b̥u.dɛʦʲ.ʦʲi.ɡɛ]
  • 부침개 savoury pancake RR: buchimgae MR: puch’imgae /buʦʲʰi=°m=ɡɛ/ [b̥u.ʦʲʰim.ɡɛ]
  • 북어 北魚 dried pollack RR: bugeo MR: pugŏ /buɡ.ʌ/ [b̥u.ɡʌ]
  • 북엇국[부거꾹/부걷꾹] 北魚- dried pollack soup RR: bugeotguk MR: pugŏtkuk /buɡ.ʌ=z=ɡuɡ → bu.ɡʌd.kuɡ/ [b̥u.ɡʌk.kuk, -ɡʌt-] or 또는 ↓북어국[–꾹] RR: bugeoguk MR: pugŏtkuk /buɡ.ʌ=ʔ=ɡuɡ → bu.ɡʌ.kuɡ/ [b̥u.ɡʌk.kuk]
  • 불고기 bulgogi (grilled marinated beef) RR: bulgogi MR: pulgogi /bul=ɡoɡi/ [b̥ul.ɡo.ɡi]
  • 붕어빵[붕ː–] carp-shaped pastry RR: bung(-)eoppang MR: pungŏppang /buːŋ.ʌ=paŋ/ [b̥uːŋ.ʌp.paŋ]
  • 비빔냉면 –冷麵 spicy buckwheat noodles RR: bibimnaengmyeon MR: pibimnaengmyŏn /bibi=°m=ᴸnɛːŋ.mjʌn → bi.bim.nɛŋ.mjʌn/ [b̥i.bim.nɛŋ.mjʌn]
  • 비빔밥[–빱] bibimbap (mixed rice dish) RR: bibimbap MR: pibimpap /bibi=°m=ʔ=bab → bi.bim.pab/ [b̥i.bim.pap]
  • 빈대떡 mung bean pancake RR: bindaetteok MR: pindaettŏk /bindɛ=tʌɡ/ [b̥in.dɛ.tʌk]
  • 빙수 氷水 shaved ice RR: bingsu MR: pingsu /biŋ.z̥ʰu/ [b̥iŋ.z̥ʰu]
  • bread RR: ppang MR: ppang /paŋ/ [paŋ]
  • 산 낙지[산ː-찌] live octopus RR: san nakji MR: san nakchi /z̥ʰaːn naɡʣʲi → z̥ʰaːn naɡ.ʦʲi/ [z̥ʰaːn.nak.ʦʲi]
  • 산채비빔밥[—-빱] 山菜— wild vegetable bibimbap RR: sanchaebibimbap MR: sanch’ae pibimpap /z̥ʰan.ʦʲʰɛ-bibi=°m=ʔ=bab → z̥ʰan.ʦʲʰɛ-bi.bim.pab/ [z̥ʰan.ʦʲʰɛ|b̥i.bim.pap → z̥ʰan.ʦʲʰɛ.bi.bim.pap] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 삼겹살[–쌀] 三– grilled pork belly RR: samgyeopsal MR: samgyŏpsal /z̥ʰam.ɡjʌb=z̥ʰal → z̥ʰam.ɡjʌb.sal/ [z̥ʰam.ɡjʌp.sal]
  • 삼계탕[-계-/-게-] 蔘鷄湯 ginseng chicken soup RR: samgyetang MR: samgyet’ang /z̥ʰam.ɡje=tʰaːŋ/ [z̥ʰam.ɡje.tʰaŋ]
  • 새우 shrimp RR: sae(-)u MR: saeu /z̥ʰɛu/ [z̥ʰɛ.u]
  • 새우젓[–젇] salted shrimp RR: sae(-)ujeot MR: saeujŏt /z̥ʰɛu=ʣʲʌz̥ʰ → z̥ʰɛ.u.ʣʲʌd/ [z̥ʰɛ.u.ʣʲʌt]
  • 설렁탕 –湯 ox bone soup RR: seolleongtang MR: sŏllŏngt’ang /z̥ʰʌllʌŋ=tʰaːŋ/ [z̥ʰʌl.lʌŋ.tʰaŋ]
  • 소고기 beef RR: sogogi MR: sogogi /z̥ʰo=ɡoɡi/ [z̥ʰo.ɡo.ɡi]
  • 소주 燒酒 soju (distilled rice liquor) RR: soju MR: soju /z̥ʰo.ʣʲu, ↓so.ʣʲu/ [z̥ʰo.ʣʲu, ↓so.ʣʲu]
  • 송편 松- half-moon rice cake RR: songpyeon MR: songpy’ŏn /z̥ʰoŋ.pʰjʌn/ [z̥ʰoŋ.pʰjʌn]
  • 쇠고기[쇠ː–/쉐ː–] beef RR: soegogi MR: soegogi /z̥ʰøː=ɡoɡi/ [z̥ʰøː.ɡo.ɡi, z̥ʰweː-]
  • 수육 -肉 boiled beef or pork slices RR: suyuk MR: suyuk /z̥ʰu.juɡ/ [z̥ʰu.juk]
  • 수정과 水正果 cinnamon punch RR: sujeonggwa MR: sujŏnggwa /z̥ʰu.ʣʲʌŋ.ɡwa/ [z̥ʰu.ʣʲʌŋ.ɡwa]
  • 수제비 hand-pulled dough soup RR: sujebi MR: sujebi /z̥ʰuʣʲebi/ [z̥ʰu.ʣʲe.bi]
  • 순대 Korean sausage RR: sundae MR: sundae /z̥ʰundɛ/ [z̥ʰun.dɛ]
  • 순댓국[-대꾹/-댇꾹] Korean sausage soup RR: sundaetguk MR: sundaetkuk /z̥ʰundɛ=z=ɡuɡ → z̥ʰun.dɛd.kuɡ/ [z̥ʰun.dɛk.kuk, -dɛt-] or 또는 ↓순대국[–꾹] RR: sundaeguk MR: sundaekuk /z̥ʰundɛ=ʔ=ɡuɡ → z̥ʰun.dɛ.kuɡ/ [z̥ʰun.dɛk.kuk]
  • 순두부찌개 -豆腐– soft tofu stew RR: sundubujjigae MR: sundubu tchigae /z̥ʰun=du.bu-ʦʲiɡɛ/ [z̥ʰun.du.bu|ʦʲi.ɡɛ → z̥ʰun.du.buʦʲ.ʦʲi.ɡɛ]
  • alcoholic beverage RR: sul MR: sul /z̥ʰul/ [z̥ʰul]
  • 숭늉 scorched rice tea RR: sul MR: sul /z̥ʰuŋnjuŋ/ [z̥ʰuŋ.njuŋ]
  • 시래기 dried radish greens RR: siraegi MR: siraegi /z̥ʰilɛɡi/ [ɕʰi.ɾɛ.ɡi]
  • 시래깃국[–기꾹/–긷꾹] radish greens soup RR: siraegitguk MR: siraegitkuk /z̥ʰilɛɡi=z=ɡuɡ → z̥ʰi.lɛ.ɡid.kuɡ/ [ɕʰi.ɾɛ.ɡik.kuk, -ɡit-] or 또는 ↓시래기국[—꾹] RR: siraegiguk MR: siraegikuk /z̥ʰilɛɡi=ʔ=ɡuɡ → z̥ʰi.lɛ.ɡi.kuɡ/ [ɕʰi.ɾɛ.ɡik.kuk]
  • 식혜[시켸/시케] 食醯 sweet rice punch RR: sikhye MR: sikhye /z̥ʰiɡ.hje → z̥ʰi.kʰje/ [ɕʰi.kʰje]
  • 신선로[-설-] 神仙爐 royal hot pot RR: sinseollo MR: sinsŏllo /z̥ʰin.z̥ʰʌn.lo → z̥ʰin.z̥ʰʌl.lo/ [ɕʰin.z̥ʰʌl.lo]
  • vegetable wrap RR: ssam MR: ssam /sa=°m/ [sam]
  • 쌈장 -醬 seasoned paste for wraps RR: ssamjang MR: ssamjang /sa=°m=ʣʲaŋ/ [sam.ʣʲaŋ]
  • 안주 按酒 food that accompanies alcohol RR: anju MR: anju /an.ʣʲu/ [an.ʣʲu]
  • 약과[-꽈] 藥果 honey cookie RR: yakgwa MR: yakkwa /jaɡ.ɡwa → jaɡ.kwa/ [jak.kwa]
  • 약식[-씩] 藥食 sweet rice with nuts and jujubes RR: yaksik MR: yaksik /jaɡ.z̥ʰiɡ → jaɡ.siɡ/ [jak.ɕ͈ik]
  • 열무 young summer radish RR: yeolmu MR: yŏlmu /jʌl=muː/ [jʌl.mu]
  • 열무김치 young summer radish kimchi RR: yeolmugimchi MR: yŏlmu kimch’i /jʌl=muː-ɡim.ʦʲʰi/ [jʌl.mu|ɡ̊im.ʦʲʰi → jʌl.mu.ɡim.ʦʲʰi]
  • 오곡밥[오ː-빱] 五穀- five-grain rice RR: ogokbap MR: ogokpap /oː.ɡoɡ=bab → oː.ɡoɡ.pab/ [oː.ɡok.pap]
  • 오징어 squid RR: ojing(-)eo MR: ojingŏ /oʣʲiŋʌ/ [o.ʣʲiŋ.ʌ]
  • 오징어덮밥 [—덥빱] spicy stir-fried squid with rice RR: ojing(-)eodeopbap MR: ojingŏ tŏppap /oʣʲiŋʌ-dʌpʰ=bab → o.ʣʲiŋ.ʌ-dʌb.pab/ [o.ʣʲiŋ.ʌ|d̥ʌp.pap → o.ʣʲiŋ.ʌ.dʌp.pap] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • [엳] toffee RR: yeot MR: yŏt /jʌz̥ʰ → jʌd/ [jʌt]
  • 유자차[유ː–] 柚子茶 citrus tea RR: yujacha MR: yujach’a /juː.ʣʲa=ʦʲʰa/ [juː.ʣʲa.ʦʲʰa]
  • 육개장[-깨-] 肉-醬 spicy beef soup RR: yukgaejang MR: yukkaejang /juɡ.ɡɛ.ʣʲaŋ → juɡ.kɛ.ʣʲaŋ/ [juk.kɛ.ʣʲaŋ]
  • 육회[유쾨/유퀘] 肉膾 beef tartare RR: yukhoe MR: yukhoe /juɡ.hø → ju.kʰø/ [ju.kʰø, -kʰwe]
  • 율무차 –茶 Job’s tears tea RR: yulmucha MR: yulmuch’a /julmu=ʦʲʰa/ [jul.mu.ʦʲʰa]
  • 인삼 人蔘 ginseng RR: insam MR: insam /in.z̥ʰam/ [in.z̥ʰam]
  • 인삼차 人蔘茶 ginseng tea RR: insamcha MR: insamch’a /in.z̥ʰam=ʦʲʰa/ [in.z̥ʰam.ʦʲʰa]
  • 인절미 soft sticky rice cake RR: injeolmi MR: injŏlmi /inʣʲʌlmi/ [in.ʣʲʌl.mi]
  • 자장면 noodles with black bean sauce RR: jajangmyeon MR: chajangmyŏn /ʣʲa.ʣʲaŋ=mjʌn, ↓ʦʲa.ʣʲaŋ=mjʌn/ [ʣ̥ʲa.ʣʲaŋ.mjʌn, ↓ʦʲa.ʣʲaŋ.mjʌn] or 또는 짜장면 RR: jjajangmyeon MR: tchajangmyŏn /ʦʲa.ʣʲaŋ=mjʌn/ [ʦʲa.ʣʲaŋ.mjʌn]
  • 잔치국수[—쑤] banquet noodles RR: janchiguksu MR: chanch’i kuksu /ʣʲanʦʲʰi-ɡuɡz̥ʰu → ʣʲan.ʦʲʰi-ɡuɡ.su/ [ʣ̥ʲan.ʦʲʰi|ɡ̊uk.su → ʣ̥ʲan.ʦʲʰi.ɡuk.su] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 잡채 雜菜 stir-fried glass noodles and vegetables RR: japchae MR: chapch’ae /ʣʲab.ʦʲʰɛ/ [ʣ̥ʲap.ʦʲʰɛ]
  • [장ː] 醬 fermented sauce or paste RR: jang MR: chang /ʣʲaːŋ/ [ʣ̥ʲaːŋ]
  • 장아찌 pickled vegetables RR: jang(-)ajji MR: changatchi /ʣʲaŋaʦʲi/ [ʣ̥ʲaŋ.aʦʲ.ʦʲi]
  • 장조림[장ː–] 醬– soy sauce braised beef RR: jangjorim MR: changjorim /ʣʲaːŋ=ʣʲoli=°m/ [ʣ̥ʲaːŋ.ʣʲo.ɾim]
  • 쟁반국수[—쑤] 錚盤– jumbo sized buckwheat noodles RR: jaengban(-)guksu MR: chaengban kuksu /ʣʲɛŋ.ban-ɡuɡz̥ʰu → ʣʲɛŋ.ban-ɡuɡ.su/ [ʣ̥ʲɛŋ.ban|ɡ̊uk.su → ʣ̥ʲɛŋ.ban.ɡuk.su]
  • 전골[전ː-] hot pot RR: jeon(-)gol MR: chŏn’gol /ʣʲʌːnɡol/ [ʣ̥ʲəːn.ɡol]
  • 전복 全鰒 abalone RR: jeonbok MR: chŏnbok /ʣʲʌn.boɡ/ [ʣ̥ʲʌn.bok]
  • 전복죽[–쭉] 全鰒粥 abalone rice porridge RR: jeonbokjuk MR: chŏnbokchuk /ʣʲʌn.boɡ.ʣʲuɡ → ʣʲʌn.boɡ.ʦʲuɡ/ [ʣ̥ʲʌn.bok.ʦʲuk]
  • 젓갈[젇깔] salted seafood RR: jeotgal MR: chŏtkal /ʣʲʌz̥ʰ=ɡal → ʣʲʌd.kal/ [ʣ̥ʲʌt.kal]
  • 제육덮밥[–떱빱] -肉– spicy stir-fried pork with rice RR: jeyukdeopbap MR: cheyuktŏppap /ʣʲe.juɡ-dʌpʰ=bab → ʣʲe.juɡ.tʌb.pab/ [ʣ̥ʲe.juk|d̥ʌp.pap → ʣ̥ʲe.juk.tʌp.pap] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 제육볶음[–뽀끔] -肉– stir-fried pork RR: jeyukbokkeum MR: cheyuk pokkŭm /ʣʲe.juɡ-bok=°ɯm → ʣʲe.juɡ.pok.ɯm/ [ʣ̥ʲe.juk|b̥o.kɯm → ʣ̥ʲe.juk.po.kɯm]
  • 조림 braised dish RR: jorim MR: chorim /ʣʲoli=°m/ [ʣ̥ʲo.ɾim]
  • 족발[-빨] 足- pig’s feet RR: jokbal MR: chokpal /ʣʲoɡ=bal → ʣʲoɡ.pal/ [ʣ̥ʲok.pal]
  • 주먹밥[–빱] riceballs RR: jumeokbap MR: chumŏkpap /ʣʲumʌɡ=bab → ʣʲu.mʌɡ.pab/ [ʣ̥ʲu.mʌk.pap]
  •  粥 porridge RR: juk MR: chuk /ʣʲuɡ/ [ʣ̥ʲuk]
  • 짬뽕 champon noodles RR: jjamppong MR: tchamppong /ʦʲampoŋ/ [ʦʲam.poŋ]
  • 찌개 stew RR: jjigae MR: tchigae /ʦʲiɡɛ/ [ʦʲi.ɡɛ]
  • braised dish RR: jjim MR: tchim /ʦʲim/ [ʦʲim]
  • 참기름 sesame oil RR: chamgireum MR: ch’amgirŭm /ʦʲʰam=ɡilɯm/ [ʦʲʰam.ɡi.ɾɯm]
  • 참깨 sesame RR: chamkkae MR: ch’amkkae /ʦʲʰam=kɛ/ [ʦʲʰam.kɛ]
  • 찹쌀 glutinous rice RR: chapssal MR: ch’apssal /ʦʲʰabsal/ [ʦʲʰap.sal]
  • 찹쌀떡 glutinous rice cake RR: chapssaltteok MR: ch’apssalttŏk /ʦʲʰabsal=tʌɡ/ [ʦʲʰap.sal.tʌk]
  • 청국장[–짱] 淸麴醬 rich soybean paste RR: cheonggukjang MR: ch’ŏnggukchang /ʦʲʰʌŋ.ɡuɡ=ʣʲaːŋ → ʦʲʰʌŋ.ɡuɡ.ʦʲaŋ/ [ʦʲʰʌŋ.ɡuk.ʦʲaŋ]
  • 청주 淸酒 clear rice wine RR: cheongju MR: ch’ŏngju /ʦʲʰʌŋ.ʣʲu/ [ʦʲʰʌŋ.ʣʲu]
  • 청포묵 淸泡- mung bean jelly salad RR: cheongpomuk MR: ch’ŏngp’omuk /ʦʲʰʌŋ.pʰo=muɡ → ʦʲʰʌŋ.pʰo=muɡ/ [ʦʲʰʌŋ.pʰo.muk]
  • 초고추장 醋–醬 red chili paste mixed with vinegar RR: chogochujang MR: ch’ogoch’ujang /ʦʲʰo=ɡoʦʲʰu=ʣʲaːŋ → ʦʲʰo=ɡo.ʦʲʰu.ʣʲaŋ/ [ʦʲʰo.ɡo.ʦʲʰu.ʣʲaŋ] or 또는 초장 醋醬 RR: chojang MR: ch’ojang /ʦʲʰo=ʣʲaːŋ → ʦʲʰo.ʣʲaŋ/ [ʦʲʰo.ʣʲaŋ]
  • 치맥 -酒 fried chicken and beer RR: chimaek MR: ch’imaek /ʦʲʰi=mɛɡ/ [ʦʲʰi.mɛk] a neologism not included in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 등재되어 있지 않은 신조어
  • 치킨 fried chicken RR: chikin MR: ch’ik’in /ʦʲʰikʰin/ [ʦʲʰi.kʰin]
  • 칼국수[–쑤] noodle soup RR: kalguksu MR: k’alguksu /kʰal=ɡuɡz̥ʰu → kʰal.ɡuɡ.su/ [kʰal.ɡuk.su]
  • 콩국수[–쑤] noodles in cold soybean soup RR: kongguksu MR: k’ongguksu /kʰoŋ=ɡuɡz̥ʰu → kʰoŋ.ɡuɡ.su/ [kʰoŋ.ɡuk.su]
  • 콩나물 bean sprouts RR: kongnamul MR: k’ongnamul /kʰoŋ=namul/ [kʰoŋ.na.mul]
  • 콩나물국 bean sprout soup RR: kongnamulguk MR: k’ongnamulkuk /kʰoŋ=namul=ʔ=ɡuɡ → kʰoŋ.na.mul.kuɡ/ [kʰoŋ.na.mul.kuk]
  • 파전 -煎 green onion pancake RR: pajeon MR: p’ajŏn /pʰa=ʣʲʌn/ [pʰa.ʣʲʌn]
  • 팥빙수[팓삥-] -氷水 shaved ice with red beans RR: pat bingsu MR: p’at pingsu /pʰatʰ=biŋ.z̥ʰu → pʰad.piŋ.z̥ʰu/ [pʰat|b̥iŋ.z̥ʰu → pʰat.piŋ.z̥ʰu] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 팥죽[팓쭉] -粥 red bean porridge RR: patjuk MR: p’atchuk /pʰatʰ=ʣʲuɡ → pʰad.ʦʲuɡ/ [pʰaʦʲ.ʦʲuk]
  • 한식[한ː-] 韓食 Korean cuisine RR: hansik MR: hansik /haːn.z̥ʰiɡ/ [haːn.ɕʰik] Irregular long vowel in 한(韓) /haːn/ 韓[한ː]의 불규칙 장음
  • 한정식[한ː–] 韓定食 Korean table d’hôte RR: hanjeongsik MR: hanjŏngsik /haːn=ʣʲʌːŋ.z̥ʰiɡ/ [haːn.ʣʲʌŋ.ɕʰik] Irregular long vowel in 한(韓) /haːn/ 韓[한ː]의 불규칙 장음
  • 해물탕[해ː–] 海物湯 spicy seafood stew RR: haemultang MR: haemult’ang /hɛː.mul=tʰaːŋ/ [hɛː.mul.tʰaŋ]
  • 해물파전[해ː—] 海物-煎 seafood and green onion pancake RR: haemulpajeon MR: haemul p’ajŏn /hɛː.mul-pʰa=ʣʲʌn/ [hɛː.mul.pʰa.ʣʲʌn] not included as a single compound word entry in The Great Dictionary of Standard Korean 《표준국어대사전》에 한 단어로 적는 합성어로 등재되어 있지 않음
  • 해장국[해ː-꾹] 解酲▽- RR: haejangguk MR: haejangkuk /hɛː.ʣʲaŋ=ʔ=ɡuɡ → hɛː.ʣʲaŋ.kuɡ/ [hɛː.ʣʲaŋ.kuk] Irregular reading of as 장 jang instead of 정 jeong 酲의 본음인 ‘정’ 대신 속음 ‘장’ 사용
  • 호떡 胡- sweet filled pancake RR: hotteok MR: hottŏk /ho=tʌɡ/ [hot.tʌk]
  • 호박엿[호ː방녇] pumpkin toffee RR: hobangnyeot MR: hobangnyŏt /hoːbaɡ=jʌz̥ʰ → hoː.baŋ.njʌd/ [hoː.baŋ.njʌt]
  • 호박죽[호ː-쭉] –粥 pumpkin porridge RR: hobakjuk MR: hobakchuk /hoːbaɡ=ʣʲuɡ → hoː.baɡ.ʦʲuɡ/ [hoː.bak.ʦʲuk]
  • 홍삼 紅蔘 red ginseng RR: hongsam MR: hongsam /hoŋ.z̥ʰam/ [hoŋ.z̥ʰam]
  • [회ː/훼ː] 膾 raw fish or meat RR: hoe MR: hoe /høː/ [høː, hweː]
  • 회덮밥[회ː덥빱/훼ː덥빱] 膾 raw fish bibimbap RR: hoedeopbap MR: hoedŏppap /høː=dʌpʰ=bab → høː=dʌb.pab/ [høː.dʌp.pap, hweː-]
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