Iceland Euro 2016 squad

Here is a guide to the native pronunciation of Iceland’s Euro 2016 roster, followed by suggested approximations in English in parentheses. The names are given in the Icelandic spelling; in the international media, the names may be respelled with ð becoming dþ becoming th, and accents being dropped, e.g. Gylfi Þór Sigurðsson may appear as Gylfi Thor Sigurdsson.

Icelandic pronunciation features a number of surprises even for those familiar with other North Germanic languages such as Norwegian. Unexpected vowel pronunciations include á [au̯] (similar to English MOUTH) and au [œi̯] (similar to French feuille). Most instances of ll and nn are pronounced [tl] and [tn] respectively, which are devoiced to [tl̥] and [tn̥] in certain positions. But in some cases such as in names, they are simply pronounced as long l and n sounds respectively.

In the English respelling, dh represents /ð/, the voiced th sound in ‘this’; uu represents /ʊ/, the short vowel of FOOT; ow always represents the vowel in now, not that of show. The sound written ö is similar to the vowel [œ] in French neuf and German können, [ø] in French feu, or [øː] in German schön. Some English speakers who can produce these sounds may use them, and others have a number of options—the non-rhotic (typically British) er sound  [ɜː] (the NURSE vowel), the STRUT vowel [ʌ], the DRESS vowel [ɛ], or the FACE vowel [eɪ̯]. The diphthong written öy below (corresponding to Icelandic au [œi̯]) could be approximated with either the CHOICE vowel [ɔɪ̯] or the FACE vowel [eɪ̯].

  • Co-Managers: Lars Lagerbäck (Sweden) Swedish pronunciation: [ˈlɑːʂ ²lɑː.gər.ˌbɛk] (LARSS LAHG-ər-bek [ˈlɑːɹs ˈlɑːg.əɹ.bɛk]), Heimir Hallgrímsson (Iceland) [ˈhei̯.mɪr̥ ˈhatl̥.krim.sɔn] (HAYM-eer HA(H)T(L)-grim-sonn [ˈheɪ̯m.ɪɹ ˈhɑːt‿l.gɹɪmp.sɒn])
  • Hannes Þór Halldórsson [ˈhan.nɛs ˈθou̯r̥ ˈhatl̥.tou̯r̥.sɔn] (HA(H)N-nəs THOR HA(H)T(L)-dor-sonn [ˈhɑːn.nəs ˈθɔːɹ ˈhɑːt‿l.dɔːɹ.sɒn])
  • Ingvar Jónsson [ˈiŋ.kvar̥ ˈjou̯n̥.sɔn] (ING-gvar YOHN-sonn [ˈɪŋ.gvɑːɹ ˈjoʊ̯n.sɒn])
  • Ögmundur Kristinsson [ˈœk.mʏn.tʏr̥ ˈkʰr̥ɪ.stɪn̥.sɔn] (ÖG-muund-oor KRIST-in-sonn [ˈɛg.mʊnd.ʊə̯ɹ ˈkɹɪst.ɨn.sɒn])
  • Theódór Elmar Bjarnason [ˈtʰɛ‿ou̯.tou̯r̥ ˈɛl.mar̥ ˈpjart.na.sɔn] (TEH-oh-dor EL-mar BYARD-nə-sonn [ˈteɪ̯.oʊ̯.dɔːɹ ˈɛl.mɑːɹ ˈbjɑːɹd.nə.sɒn])
  • Haukur Heiðar Hauksson [ˈhœi̯.kʰʏr̥ ˈhei̯.ðar̥ ˈhœi̯xsɔn] (HÖY-koor HEY-dhar HÖYK-sonn [ˈhɔɪ̯k.ʊə̯ɹ ˈheɪ̯ð.ɑːɹ ˈhɔɪ̯ks.ɒn])
  • Hjörtur Hermannsson [ˈçœr̥.tʏr̥ ˈhɛr.man.sɔn] (HYÖR-toor HAIR-man-sonn [ˈhjɜːɹt.ʊə̯ɹ ˈhɛə̯ɹ.mən.sɒn])
  • Sverrir Ingi Ingason [ˈsvɛr.rɪr̥ ˈiŋ.kɪ ˈiŋ.ka.sɔn] (SVERR-eer ING-gee ING-gə-sonn [ˈsvɛɹ.ɪə̯ɹ ˈɪŋ.giˈɪŋ.gə.sɒn])
  • Hörður Björgvin Magnússon [ˈhœr.ðʏr̥ ˈpjœrk.vɪn ˈma.knu.sɔn] (HÖR-dhoor BYÖRG-vin MA(H)G-nuu-sonn [ˈhɜːɹð.ʊə̯ɹ ˈbjɜːɹg.vɪn ˈmɑːg.nʊ.sɒn])
  • Birkir Már Sævarsson [ˈpɪr̥.cɪr̥ ˈmau̯r̥ ˈsai̯.var̥.sɔn] (BEER-keer MOW-r SYE-var-son [ˈbɪə̯ɹ.kɪə̯ɹ ˈmaʊ̯‿əɹ ˈsaɪ̯v.ɑːɹ.sɒn])
  • Ragnar Sigurðsson [ˈra.knar̥ ˈsɪ.ɣʏr̥θ.sɔn] (RA(H)G-nar SIG-oordh-sonn [ˈɹɑːg.nɑːɹ ˈsɪg.ʊə̯ɹð.sɒn])
  • Ari Freyr Skúlason [ˈa.rɪ ˈfr̥ei̯r̥ ˈsku.la.sɔn] (AR-ee FREY-r SKOO-lə-sonn [ˈɑːɹ.i ˈfɹeɪ̯‿əɹ ˈskuːl.ə.sɒn])
  • Arnór Ingvi Traustason [ˈat.nou̯r̥ ˈiŋ.kvɪ ˈtʰr̥œi̯.sta.sɔn] (ARD-nor ING-gvee TRÖY-stə-sonn [ˈɑːɹd.nɔːɹ ˈɪŋ.gvi ˈtɹɔɪ̯st.ə.sɒn])
  • Kári Árnason [ˈkʰau̯.rɪ ˈau̯rt.na.sɔn] (COW-ri OWD-na-son [ˈkaʊ̯.ɹi ˈaʊ̯d.nə.sɒn])
  • Birkir Bjarnason [ˈpɪr̥.cɪr̥ ˈpjart.na.sɔn] (BEER-keer BYARD-na-sonn [ˈbɪə̯ɹ.kɪə̯ɹ ˈbjɑːɹd.nə.sɒn])
  • Aron Einar Gunnarsson [ˈa.rɔn ˈei̯.nar̥ ˈkʏn.nar̥.sɔn] (AR-on EY-nar GUUN-nar-sonn [ˈɑːɹ.ɒn ˈeɪ̯n.ɑːɹ bɪə̯ɹ.kɪə̯ɹ ˈgʊn.ɑːɹ.sɒn])
  • Emil Hallfreðsson [ˈɛ.mɪl̥ ˈhatl̥.fr̥ɛθ.sɔn] (EM-il HA(H)T(L)-fredh-sonn [ˈɛm.ɪl ˈhɑːt‿l.fɹɛð.sɒn])
  • Gylfi Þór Sigurðsson [ˈcɪl.vɪ ˈθou̯r̥ ˈsɪ.ɣʏr̥θ.sɔn] (GIL-vee THOR SIG-oordh-sonn [ˈgɪl.vi ˈθɔːɹ ˈsɪg.ʊə̯ɹð.sɒn])
  • Rúnar Már Sigurjónsson [ˈru.nar̥ ˈmau̯r̥ ˈsɪ.ɣʏr.jou̯n.sɔn] (ROO-nar MOW-r SIG-oor-yohn-sonn [ˈɹu:n.ɑːɹ ˈmaʊ̯‿əɹ ˈsɪg.ʊə̯ɹ.ˌjoʊ̯nt.sɒn])
  • Jón Daði Bödvarsson [ˈjou̯n ˈta.ðɪ ˈpœ.tvar̥.sɔn] (YOHN DA(H)DH-ee BÖD-var-sonn [ˈjoʊ̯n ˈdɑːð.i ˈbɛd.vɑːɹ.sɒn])
  • Alfreð Finnbogason [ˈal.fr̥ɛθ ˈfɪn.pɔ.ɣa.sɔn] (A(H)L-fredh FIN-boh-gə-sonn [ˈɑːl.fɹɛð ˈfɪn.boʊ̯g.ə.sɒn])
  • Eiður Smári Guðjohnsen [ˈei̯.ðʏr̥ ˈsmau̯.rɪ ˈkvʏð.jɔn̥.sɛn] (EY-dhoor SMOW-ree GVUUDH-yon-sen [ˈeɪ̯ð.ʊə̯ɹ ˈsmaʊ̯.ɹi ˈgvʊð.jɒnt.sɛn])
  • Jóhann Berg Guðmundsson [ˈjou̯.han ˈpɛr̥k ˈkvʏð.mʏn̥.sɔn] (YOH-ha(h)n BAIRG GVUUDH-muun-sonn [ˈjoʊ̯.hɑːn ˈbɛə̯ɹg ˈgvʊð.mʊnt.sɒn])
  • Kolbeinn Sigþórsson [ˈkʰɔl.pei̯tn̥ ˈsɪx.θou̯r̥.sɔn] (KOL-beyt(n) SIG-thor-sonn [ˈkɒl.bei̯t‿n ˈsɪg.θɔːɹ.sɒn])

Note that most of these use patronyms, as is the custom in Iceland. Gylfi Sigurðsson is so called because he is the son of Sigurður; his children would in turn be called Gylfason in the case of a son and Gylfadóttir in the case of a daughter. Icelanders usually refer to each other by their given names.

One exception to this above is Guðjohnsen, which is a surname. Eiður Guðjohnsen’s father is also a former footballer and is called Arnór Guðjohnsen—Guðjohnsen actually is a family name.

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